Innovation is considered the engine of technological change and economic growth. Hence innovation policy lays much of the foundation for the future welfare development of the Nordic countries. It is therefore important that they develop sensible, coherent strategies in this area, as well as a set of policy measures that meet the specific needs of each countrys industry.
Innovation policies in the Nordic countries are all strongly influenced by the so-called systemic approach to innovation. According to this view technological advance and competence building is characterized by constant interplay and mutual learning between different types of knowledge and actors, including firms, institutes, universities, sources of financing, relevant
public agencies and more. This view of technological change and competence development also forms the basis of the GoodNIP reports
GoodNIP proposes that national authorities take a close look at their innovation policies, and see if the following functions are covered:
Measures aimed at improving the absorptive capacities of firms, i.e. their ability to learn.
Measured aimed at broadening the activity base of the firms, i.e. their ability to invest in risky - but potentially rewarding - projects.
Measures targeting iaunbornl| industries or technologies. Hence policy makers should develop policy instruments that guide radical entrepreneurs to sources of finance, advice and relevant competences.
Measures aimed at improving the interaction between knowledge institutions and industry, being that universities or colleges or institutes.
The work done by GoodNIP has been divided between different modules.
Part 1 - A survey of innovation policy instruments
GoodNIP has collected national sets of so-called iodatasheetslT, each one presenting one particular policy measure. Some of these datasheets are expanded versions of datasets collected under the EU Trend Chart project, 2 others are new. GoodNIP has not made a complete set of such policy instrument presentations; that would be impossible within the framework of this endeavour. The researchers have, however, made a more extensive list of policy measures that will give the reader a more correct view of the breadth and scope of the instrument portfolio of each country. The datasheet database can be used as a reference when searching for more information on relevant measures. The reader will find the names of contact persons as well as links to relevant Web sites. The datasheets and the extended list can be found in report no. 3.
Part 2 - Surveys of innovation policy governance structures, policy documents and historical development
The GoodNIP team has made a survey of the innovation policy governance structure of each country and the most important innovation policy documents for the last three to five years. These can be found in report 3, and can be used as a reference when reading report 2. The GoodNIP team has also made national historical studies of innovation policy, normally covering the last two to three decades. These can be found in an appendix to report 2.
Part 3 - Innovation policy analysis
On the basis of the material listed above, other studies, as well as the participants knowledge of the relevant innovation policy systems, the researchers have made an analysis of contemporary innovation policy trends and policy learning practices (report 2).