Traditional greenhouse production is to a great extent based on the use of fossil fuels, a use which can be regarded as unsustainable in the long run and an environmental threat. There is therefore a need to consider, develop and try out alternative sources of energy for greenhouse use. Likewise modern greenhouse production is based on systems which are not in accordance with a sustainable development. A great effort has been done, though, in the area of plant protection to implement biological methods. But there still a need to consider and develop organic production systems.
Transport of food is another question to be considered. Great amounts of vegetables, fruit and berries are imported to the Nordic countries, often after travelling long distances. This is especially true for Greenland and The Faeroe Islands. In general it has become a characteristic feature for food distribution that goods continuously travel longer distances. Pollution connected to transport is a great burden to nature. In addition long distance transport often results in deterioration of food quality.
Promoting sustainable, local food production systems in the artic/Nordic areas is a way to meet these challenges.
The main objective of the project is to stimulate a sustainable greenhouse production in the Nordic/artic regions and thus stimulate business development in outskirt areas.
Results and conclusions
The report sums up the results from this pre-project and is basically divided in three parts corresponding to the themes organic greenhouse production, consumer attitudes and alternative energy sources for greenhouse use.
Project duration: 01.07.2005 - 01.03.2006